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Incomplete explanation of an alerted bid

West
AJ654
J98
K10
K54
North
9
K52
J842
QJ1087
East
K1073
Q103
A53
962
South
Q82
A764
Q976
A3
W
N
E
S
1
P
2
P
3
3
P
P
P
D
3 West
NS: 0 EW: 0

South opened 1D, partner (west) passed, North bid 2 spades, a call alerted by North. I asked for an explanation.

South - Explanation: strong raise in diamonds

East (me) - anything more

South - artificial, strong raise in diamonds

East )me) - does it say anything about spades

South - No

I passed (on hind sight, may be I should have doubled). South bid 3 diamonds, partner now bids 3 spades. The director was called. 

South explained the situation claiming that her first answer was " artificial, strong diamond raise." I objected since she had not used the word "artificial". Only after three inquiries from me, she finally admitted that 2 spades bid says nothing about spades (the third time, I specifically asked her if the bid of 2 spades said anything about that suit.)

The director ruled the play to go on and to call him back if North/South felt they were injured in which case he would adjust the score.

The hand was played by West in 2, 3, or 4 spades nine out of 10 times, either making or going down and once in @NT by South, down four.

My partner went down one (did not finesse South for spade Queen) for a poor score. North/South accepted the score (no more director call).

I have several questions:

My asking questions may have affected my partner's decision to bid 3 spades. But what are my recourse when I am not given a full and complete explanation for the alerted bid? A complete explanation like " 12 points or more, 4 or more diamonds, says nothing about the spades." would have satisfied me.

If indeed my questions affected my partner's bidding, shouldn't the bid reverts to 3 diamonds by South (barring West from bidding). That contract goes down one for a much worse score for North/South.

How do you define "strong" and "artificial?" Are these the appropriate words to use in explaining an alerted bid.

I used to play a convention where a jump bid of 2 hearts or 2 spades over a minor suit opening promised "no more than three cards in the bid major but with one or two stoppers (AKx, AQx, KJx, AJ10, QJ10) in case partner is interested in a NT game. This bid is also artificial since it does not show 4 or more spades, only two or three. 

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