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Nigel, thanks for the clarification. Of course opener should take into account that responder may not have 4 spades. At the same time, as you and others said, responder's lower limit is higher than a simple 1 bid, esp. if not at least 4-4 in the M. Opener's bid of course takes all those factors into account. None of those has direct effect on whether opener's 3 is invitational or GF as far as I can see, only what is good enough for invitation and what for GF.
Dec. 31, 2016
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Why would W expect ruffing from dummy since he know dummy has only two trumps at most. The only explanation for leading trumps is W knows their side has everything outside . In which case, W may have just xxxx in .
Dec. 31, 2016
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Partner should have something for the 3 bid (I am not proud of my actual hand). Given your singleton A, if partner has trick or trick, there should be no problem getting it/them. It is difficult to see how can go away if the Michael's bidder is not void while yu still have the A. But trick can go away, so as you said, a lead is pretty automatic against 6 if all one wants to do it set it.

Against 5, my partner was of course thinking he would lead the A, get to my hand by underfeeding his and get a ruff. The problem is since he knows we have 11+ 's, the chance of void is high (100% if we have 12). And if I can give him a ruff, it may be a natural winner (I have e.g Qxxx). The is the suit that cannot wait.
Dec. 31, 2016
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BTW, I think in 3rd seat, 10 - 12 should become 10 - 13 or even 10 - 14 (depending on what restrictions on response to 5 point spread NT there are).
Dec. 31, 2016
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I also play 10 - 12 1NT Precision in certain vulnerability situation. I seriously don;t recall when it gains last. I do recall putting down 17 point dummy and 3NT going down due to “wrong-siding”. In at least one case, the 1NT stopped a overcall by opener's LHO, and that person led from his 5 card suit, and that was the killing lead.
Dec. 31, 2016
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Steve, your comment is a bit self-inconsistent. If you are worried about missing 16 vs. 8 3NT, then why are you down on opening balanced 16 Precision 1?

I think if one plays 10 - 12 1N, so then 1 can be balanced 16, it is simplest to play positive response as 9+ if balanced.

Having played 10 - 12 when the vulnerability is right with one partner for quite awhile now, I can't seriously recall the last time it really gains. I do remember a couple of times where I put down a 17 point dummy for 3NT, and we went down.
Dec. 31, 2016
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If Kit's carding method applies here , it would be gold. A/K lead (whichever is not the power lead), 4 on trick 1 suit preference for . Small to K, J (or is 8 better?). Hopefully, EW can work out the and situation from this point on.
Dec. 31, 2016
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You don't need 4 tricks from partner. You just need to get to his hand to lead a through after he plays the J on trick 1. The question is how (see next comment).
Dec. 31, 2016
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Hamish, no argument there. As I have written before, I wish everyone is just honest about their motivation for making a certain bid, rather than the defensive “it is just bridge”.
Dec. 30, 2016
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I see the same old tired chestnut. It is not about evaluation. It is about people e.g. wanting to preempt opponents but claim it is evaluation and upgrading.
Dec. 30, 2016
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No, even playing ground does not mean removing randomness, it means removing arbitrainess depending on who happens to be the director/appeal committee.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Forbidding forcing pass dumbs down the game, but so is forbidding X of P.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Tom, I showed the hands, and 5 was bid to make, but so was 5. 5 was unbeatable. 5 required a lead to beat it, which my partner did not find at the table (no shame on that). If we cannot set 5, we should bid 6.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Invitational is NF by definition.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Nigel, I am sure it is my problem with reading comprehension, but I can't understand what you are trying to say.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Aviv, it matters not what the lower limit of the neg X is. If opener has game opposite lower limit, he will bid game or QB. If he needs more but not much more, he will invite.
Dec. 30, 2016
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Is 1 - (P) - 1 - (P)
3
forcing? if not, then why is is forcing here?
Dec. 30, 2016
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Kit, I agree 100%. I was just saying that the person making the Q should know that partner can sometimes be under the gun.
Dec. 29, 2016
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That is silly. Even playing ground means winning by abilities, not by preferential director's ruling because of favoritism or prestige.
Dec. 29, 2016
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One man's just playing bridge is another's uneven playing ground.
Dec. 29, 2016
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