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Bridge Winners Profile for Andy Hawks

Andy Hawks
Andy Hawks
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Member Since
Nov. 24, 2015
Last Seen
Oct. 13, 2016
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bridge player

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Cheating - standard of proof
I also would not equate bridge committees with criminal courts, but I would equate them with arbitrators who have been asked to address allegations of fraud in a civil dispute, for which the common (and appropriate) standard of proof is "clear and convincing" evidence.
Cheating - standard of proof
I do not know what the ACBL standard is, but the usual standard for civil fraud cases is the intermediate standard of "clear and convincing" evidence, meaning that the evidence is substantially more probable to be true rather than untrue and that the the trier of fact has a "firm ...
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