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Arranged Results

I am curious about a couple of scenarios in relation to ethics outside of rules specific to bridge.

1) Last round of a pair event, I am out of contention, my opponents are in contention.  My opponents are friends, family, or someone I like to flirt with, in general someone who I would like to see do well.  I intentionally "misbid/misplay" in such a way as to give my opponents two very good boards.

2) Last round of a small Swiss.  My team is paired up against a team that is leading the field and only needs 5 VP to clinch victory.  The two captains agree to a result that awards my team 15 VP and the opponents 5 VP, ensuring their victory and giving my team a match result better than expectation.

I realize that both the intentional "misplays" and the arranged result are against the rules of bridge (either the Laws or conditions of contest) as I believe they should be.

Scenario one may be seen as me being friendly, lots of people let their children win games from time to time, for instance.  It is also common in sports for teams to have different incentives near the end of the season: one team might be competing for a playoff position while the other is competing for draft pick position; one team may still be in the playoff hunt while another has been eliminated and would like to give their younger players more experience even if it means fielding a less than optimum team.

Scenario two can more easily be described as mutually beneficial.  It is a case where adhering to the rules can be seen as disadvantageous to both parties involved.  Again relating this to the known world, we have all heard about World Cup matches where both teams would like to achieve a draw and, through varying degrees of blatancy, a tie is achieved.

If bridge rules did not exist to make these things illegal, we would still believe them to be wrong.  Wouldn't we?  What is it that makes playing "kingmaker" or agreeing to a mutually beneficial outcome intrinsically wrong?


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