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Italy and Amnesties

I am doing some research and am seeking information about FIGB's actions and policies regarding amnesties.

What, in a bridge context, is an amnesty? I wish I knew.

So far as I can work out, FIGB, at certain happy times (such as a good result for Italy in world championships) or removes penalties from, or declines to award penalties to, players convicted of some offence. 

Bridge d’Italia, June 1999:

Amnesty is a measure (of general character) related to exceptional events with which the F.I.G.B. terminates an infringement, and if there was a conviction by a final judgment, it terminates the execution of the sentence. The Federal Council has license to grant amnesty and shall state the effective date of the amnesty itself. Regarding pending judgments and infringements covered by amnesty, the judicial body takes a decision not to prosecute. In the event that an amnesty has been granted, it is without prejudice to the sanctions set out in article 3 of Presidential Decree 1576/86 and Article 49 of the Federal Statute. 

Example:

www.imp-bridge.nl/nieuws-archief/nieuw-bridge-schandaal :

Because Italy won the Olympiad in Maastricht in 2000 the Italian Bridge Federation granted amnesty to a number of pairs, including Rossano–Vivaldi.

 

What happened? Bridge Winners comment, 01 Sep 2016:

According to the memory of a fellow Italian player the story goes like this: They were sentenced to a 2,5 years suspension. The sentence was appealed by them but the appeal process didn't take place because the amnesty cleared everything

 

This amnesty cleared the way for Rossano=Vivaldi... Bridge Winners comment, 01 Sep 2016:

Rossano-Vivaldi were selected by FIGB a few weeks ago [to play in the 2016 World Bridge Games] from among those that did not qualify automatically by the trials

 

I find this puzzling, the more so since the WBF had "issues" with Rossano-Vivald, as we see here:

http://neapolitanclub.altervista.org/ev-eng/wbf-withdraws-invitation-vivaldi-rossano-italy.html :

Yesterday, the Credentials Committee of the World Bridge Federation determined that the invitation extended to Enza Rossano and Antonio Vivaldi be withdrawn; consequently they will no longer be eligible to play in the 2016 World Bridge Games in Wroclaw.

 

Now, here is a list of players who are not in the good books with the ACBL:

web2.acbl.org/discipline/CurrentlyUnderDisciplineList.pdf

The USA team won the Bermuda Bowl in 2017. No players in the list above were granted any consequent relief. What an oversight!

 

Those seeking further information about FIGB amnesties will doubtless be enlightened by this:

Bridge d’Italia, March 2003:

At the end of the reports, Counselor Mensitieri proposes the promulgation of a clemency measure, in consideration of both the exceptional nature of the event and the common practice to FSN who win Olympic titles. He (Mensitieri) notes that FIGB had already taken a similar decision for another event of equal importance, the recognition of the Federationas Associated Discipline of CONI. A wide-ranging discussion begins with all counselors, where all aspects of a possible proceeding are reviewed. After holding an exchange of views, all members of the C.F. agree to the promulgation of a clemency measure …

So, let's hope that the USA wins the next World Championship, for surely the ACBL will "agree to the promulgation of a clemency measure" and all the players on the "Currently Under Discipline List" will be free to play once more.

 

Until that delightful day, I have some questions:

1. Does anyone have any further information about the FIGB policy of granting amnesties?

2. Do we know of other pairs who have benefited from FIGB amnesties?

3. Why is it that Rossano-Vivaldi were "sentenced to a 2,5 years suspension", as we saw above?

4. Subsequent to the WBF judgment, was any action taken by FIGB regarding Rossano-Vivaldi?

5. Is Rossano-Vivaldi an active partnership in Italy?

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