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All comments by Nicolas Hammond
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ACBLscore+ has built-in support for web services.

Take the ACBLscore+ that ACBL has, put it on-line (cost was $12/month), TDs/Clubs can upload game files (been supported for 18+ months), then access the game with web services. You can do everything that you described above. I used JSON for web service output, in some places it is XML, but normal web service stuff.

For example, see ./app/views/events/index.json.rabl for an example of code to create a JSON response. Code is trivial. Try http://(url)/clubs/1/events.json?start=1022766800&end=2526392000 to see the output. ACBL has the code, so should be trivial for them to put this up. This will return all the events associated with a club from a start and end time. It is used for the calendar feature for clubs. See last few seconds of for the club calendar feature. Data is fed for each month using the JSON described. I guess I need to post another Youtube video showing how fast it is. The 1 in the URL is the club_id, change for whatever club_id you have defined.This will get you a formatted JSON reply. It is trivial to add more web services. Whenever you need a Web Service, just add

def index
respond_to do |format|

to the controller, cut/paste the aforementioned index.json.rabl to the model. Very easy.

Glad that ACBL are going to move to a model where the data is more accessible.

Previously they have said the opposite.

There are lots of web tools associated with ACBLscore+/Bridgescore+. At some point, I'll put them online so that others can use them. Glad you have ACBL moved in the right direction.

BTW, the first implementation of “fast results” was part of ACBLscore+. Showcased at the Memphis NABC in March 2012. It used a similar approach. Has taken ACBL 2+ years to get the code in place to display results, still not as good as was displayed 2+ years ago but a step in the right direction. I'll see if I can dig out those results so that everyone can see what was showcased so we can compare with what we have now. March 2012 was one month before the ACBLscore+ project started… ACBL have had the code since April 2012.

Please make sure that your use of tense is correct as it is starting to sound like you have become an ACBL management mouthpiece. “similar to what Jay Whipple did” should be “similar to what Jay Whipple is doing”. It sounds like you have killed his project, which I know that ACBL is trying to do, but is not the case. Just stay away from their kool-aid.

ACBL have had this (web services technology) available as part of ACBLscore+ for almost 3 years. Take a look at the ACBLscore+ project Wiki design documentation and GitHub design documents/notes for more details. Much cheaper to pay $12/month, put this stuff on line, let everyone access the data through the web services.
Jan. 29, 2015
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Even though this is an updated MPBOOK, it is still not what ACBLscore implements. TDs base decisions on events to maximize MPs for players, but the MPBOOK is still wrong.

We really need ACBL to produce an MPBOOK that both describes the actual MP implementation, but also includes all of the MP eligibility and assignment rules. And we need full explanation of how the MPs are really calculated.

We also need a spreadsheet/web site where anyone can double check the MP rules.

The MP rules are v. complicated (I probably no more than anyone else), but I think we have a right to know what they are and how they are implemented.

The MPs was one of the biggest holdups for ACBLscore+. Even at the end of the contract, ACBL still never delivered the specs for masterpoints.
Jan. 29, 2015
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Thank you everyone for your help.

The last few got ‘approved’ by Wiki editors today.

Here is the list of 171 players that were added (and approved) over the last 3-4 months:

Adam Wildavsky
Agnes Gordon
Albert Weiss
Alicia Kempner
Allan Siebert
Allan Stauber
Arnie Fisher
Arthur G. Robinson
Arthur S. Goldsmith
B. Jay Becker
Bart Bramley
Ben Fain
Bernie Chazen
Beth Palmer
Betty Ann Kennedy
Billy Seamon
Björn Fallenius
Bobby Nail
Brad Moss
Brian Glubok
Carol Sanders
Charles Coon (bridge)
Charles J. Solomon
Cheri Bjerkan
Chip Martel
Chris Willenken
Christal Henner
Christal Henner-Welland
Chuck Burger
Curtis Cheek
Dan Morse (bridge)
Dan Rotman
Daniela von Arnim
Debbie Rosenberg
Disa Eythorsdottir
Donna Compton
Doris Fuller
Doug Doub
Ed Manfield
Eddie Wold
Edith Freilich
Edward Hymes
Edward O. Taylor
Emma Jean Hawes
Eric Greco
Eric Kokish
Eric R. Murray
Fred Hamilton (bridge)
Fred Stewart (bridge)
Gail Greenberg
Garey Hayden
Gary Cohler
Gavin Wolpert
Gaylor Kasle
Gene Freed
Geoff Hampson
George Jacobs (bridge)
George Rapée
Gerald Caravelli
Grant Baze
Harold Harkavy
Harold Lilie
Harry Fishbein
Helen Utegaard
Hemant Lall
Howard Weinstein
Hugh Ross (bridge)
Ivar Stakgold
Jacqui Mitchell
Jan Martel (bridge)
Janice Seamon-Molson
Jeff Glick
Jenny Wolpert
Jill Levin
Jill Meyers
Jim Krekorian
Jim Mahaffey
Jim Robison
Jo Morse
JoAnna Stansby
John Diamond (bridge)
John Gerber (bridge)
John Mohan
John Schermer
John Sutherlin
John Swanson (bridge)
Josephine Culbertson
Juanita Chambers
Judi Radin
Karen McCallum
Kay Rhodes
Kerri Sanborn
Kitty Cooper
Larry Mori
Larry T. Cohen
Lee Hazen
Lew Mathe
Lisa Berkowitz
Lorenza Lauria
Lou Bluhm
Lynn Baker
Malcolm Brachman
Marc Jacobus
Margaret Wagar
Marilyn Johnson
Marion Michielsen
Mark Lair
Mark Molson
Mary Jane Farell
Matt Granovetter
Meike Wortel
Merwyn Maier
Meyer Schleifer
Michael Seamon
Mike Becker
Mike Kamil
Mike Passell
Mike Smolen
Mildred Breed
Morrie Elis
Nancy Gruver
Nick Nickell
Olive Peterson
Paul Hodge
Paul Swanson
Peggy Solomon
Peggy Sutherlin
Peter Boyd
Peter Leventritt
Peter Pender
Peter Weichsel
Petra Hamman
Phil Feldesman
Pierre Zimmermann (bridge)
Renee Mancuso
Rhoda Walsh
Rich DeMartino
Richard Coren
Richard H. Katz
Richard L. Frey
Rita Shugart
Robert F. Jordan
Robert Lipsitz
Roger Bates
Ron Andersen
Ron Von der Porten
Rose Meltzer
Ross Grabel
Rozanne Pollack
Russ Arnold
Russ Ekeblad
Ruth Sherman
Sabine Auken
Samuel M. Stayman
Seymon Deutsch
Shawn Quinn
Sherman Stearns
Sidney H. Lazard
Sidney Silodor
Sol Mogal
Steve Garner
Steve Landen
Steve Robinson (bridge)
Sue Picus
Sylvie Willard
Theodore Lightner
Thomas K. Sanders
Tobias Stone
Waldemar von Zedtwitz
William Grieve (bridge)
Zeke Jabbour
Jan. 22, 2015
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I'm not going to be at the Wilmington Regional so don't know.

If there is someone going, that is interested in running Bridgescore+, has a projector, couple of laptops with Internet connection, printer, let me know.

You'll need permission from the TC and DIC.

KOs and Swiss are the best ones to run.
Jan. 21, 2015
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Ask your DD when they were told about outside counsel's review of the contract. All will become clear then.
Jan. 21, 2015
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Ed: I spent Sunday at an ABA tournament in Atlanta. I can recommend. They know how to have fun…

I ran Bridgescore+ for them at a two session Swiss event, projectors displaying assignments/results etc. etc. They loved it.
Jan. 19, 2015
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Kevin: re: “stories/rumors I heard”.

If I know first hand, I can state it; anything else I hear second or third hand is a story or rumor.

Perhaps poor choice of works, but let me give you an example.

After ACBL dropped ACBLscore+, I heard various ‘stories’ on the reasons why (remember: I know why they dropped it!). One “story” or “rumor” that the software was too slow. Prior to each board meeting for the 2 years of the ACBLscore+, I'd set up a site on the Internet for the board to look at the software. I always set it up in “developer mode” because it's much easier to change anything on the fly. My immediate reaction, was, “duh, they just ran a developer version”. Some time later I looked at the logs and saw that there was nowhere near enough traffic to justify a proper review, which means that ACBL had installed the software themselves somewhere and ran it (I assume). No-one at ACBL, at least AFAIK, knew how to configure a production version, so I still don't know what they looked at. Then I heard that it didn't run on XP. Well… we'd delivered a version on XP. Each time I heard a ‘story’ or ‘rumor’, I'd put a Youtube video up with evidence to the contrary. All the stories and rumors I've heard are just that.
Jan. 19, 2015
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At the beginning of the ACBLscore+ contract, we signed standard NDAs.

There was nothing signed when the contract was “terminated”, either the first time by us, or when the contract was finished.

The questions for board members are:

1. When was the board told of outside counsel's review of the copyright terms of the ACBLscore+ contract?

2. When was the board told that ACBL management/league counsel had stopped paying the invoices on the contract?

If neither of these happened at the next immediate board meeting, there's a problem.

Both were sufficiently major that I would have expected the Executive Committee of the BOD to have been informed. Both had major impacts on the software.

The failure to deliver on the various specs was documented in the project Wiki, that some board members had access to, so I'm assuming that this was properly reported at board meetings. The board was certainly informed.
Jan. 19, 2015
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I can only answer some of these so here goes:

>From what I have read from you, it seems to me that much of what Bridgescore+ can now do was not a part of the ACBLscore+ that was evaluated and discarded after the ACBL/Hammond Software contract ended last year, but has since been added by you and your people and used in Atlanta and Augusta Regionals (or is waiting to be used at Gatlinburg 2015).

Not really. The fundamentals were in ACBLscore+. I haven't worked on any of the basic scoring functionality, or masterpointing since the contract ended. I've worked on making some of the screens easier to use based on TD feedback, mostly on starting KO and running Swiss. This is what the code needed, see Roll out explanation at

I've added more features in the display code. I've done a lot more testing on writing ACBLscore game files from Bridgescore+ because if they do run in parallel, Bridgescore+ needs to be able to write an ACBLscore game file, at least in the near term. Also, ACBL were planning on spending a large sum of money in making it easier for TDs to create multiple brackets for a KO or bracketed Swiss. This type of stuff is trivial in Bridgescore+, so I wrote the code to do that. Basically, if it is going to make life easier for a TD, and it is trivial for me to do, I might do it. Also, it points out some of the absurdity of ACBL's technical claims on ACBLscore+.

If I can re-create in a couple of weeks what they are going to spend $600K on, then I think it shows the correct technical future for ACBL. Either that, or I completely undercharged for the work we did.

Am not likely to do the Swiss code in Bridgescore+ until Bridgemate comes out with their next release because the new functionality will make it so much easier. Trying to make Swiss work with the current Bridgemate code is a work-around. Much rather wait a couple of months and do it right. Swiss by ESDs was never in the ACBLscore contract, but we coded it to make it easier to add for version 2.0. I've shown how we can import all the electronic data, e.g. from the Swiss at the Bermuda Bowl.

Neither Greg, Uday or Ralph are going to have any impact on the CEO Technical Committee for ACBLscore+. The BoD Technical Committee might.

>As far as I know, neither ACBLscore nor BridgeScore+ has a working implementation for Swiss Teams, although developers for both appear to be working to implement such. So sad! As each work day passes, more money (and unpaid volunteer time) is gone forever.

If ACBL would agree to put the code we had to talk to BWS files into Open Source, this would help.

The current ACBL architecture is that one Windows machine is needed for one ESD server. Each ESD server can run about 6 sections (~ 80 tables). For a large National Pairs event, say 14-15 sections, you need 3 separate computers, run by 3 different TDs, in 3 different parts of the room.

Going to a server based architecture makes administering this so much easier.

What ACBLscore can do with the BWS file is limited; it is an implementation that works, but it does not work very well. Other scoring programs around the world communicate with BWS files differently. ACBL/ACBLscore do their own thing.

Going forward, making the communication to ESDs be a separate component will make future ESD support so much easier. There is a lot more coming with hardware/software.

>But you don't have all the facts. For example, you don't know the internal work of the ACBL committee that recommended the discarding and writing off of ACBLscore+, thus don't know what led them to that recommendation.

Absolutely correct.

But some of the stories/rumors I heard lead me to believe that this was not a proper test.

For example, I strongly suspect that any testing they did was in developer mode, not production mode. Just a small example. The fact that I was asked to help set up a demo, or make sure it was configured right speaks volumes. I had previously set up multiple versions on the Internet for testing - at least one before each board meeting for 8+ separate board meetings.

> Getting the ACBL management/IT/Counsel side of the story to the public is most likely not going to happen – for whatever reason(s), doing so does not appear to ACBL management to be in their best interest.


ACBL have already stated that there were problems and accepted what they were. Getting into the specifics is not helpful to them. “Name and Shame” is not going to happen. Robert took full personal responsibility for ACBL's failings at the ACBL BOD meeting in March 2014.

> What are these “confidential agreements” to which Mr. Vilhauer refers? I doubt we will ever know.

Ask him. Ask ACBL. Ask your DD.

I have no idea what the confidential agreements are.

This is why I refer to a cover-up.

Perhaps it is the ACBL and ACBL outside counsel have a “confidential agreement” so they can't release the legal reasons.

> Your efforts to influence the future course of ACBL IT, especially with respect to what they are doing with the Bridge Scoring Program (ACBLscore), appear (at least from where I sit as an ACBL member and club director who only sees what's happening at tournaments, the changes in ACBLscore, and what I read on the Internet from ACBL, you, and Bridge Winners) doomed to failure.

As someone previously pointed out, I'm not a victim. My company got paid. I didn't say anything or post anything after the first couple of rounds of Bridgewinners articles on ACBLscore. It was only when ACBL's silence led some to call for legal action against my company, which then caused my company even more time with lawyers, that I posted something.

I'm only a victim when I go to a bridge tournament and they don't run Bridgescore+. All I know is that the tournaments that I go to, we have KOs that start 15-30 minutes before everywhere else. Fast Results was an ACBLscore+ feature. Glad to see it being rolled out. Took 2+ years from the first release (Memphis, March 2012). I really would hate to have a 2+ year wait for all of the other features in ACBLscore+ to be released. My influence with ACBL IT has already passed.

> Other than 2014's Gatlinburg, Atlanta, and Augusta Regionals, (plus a peek at the 2014 Spring NABC in Dallas), where has ACBLscore+ or BridgeScore+ been used at tournaments?

Some other Atlanta sectionals. I went to a Regional in Florida, ran it there.

I only have a limited amount of time for my bridge stuff; got to work as well :-)

Even if ACBL only used that part of ACBLscore+, it would still be a huge win for everyone.

> Have any Districts in addition to your home District 7 asked for you to demonstrate or use BridgeScore+ at any of their Regionals?


Even some when I'm not there.

In order to make sure of the benefits, you need to have Internet connection (or the software on your laptop, but ACBL isn't giving it to anyone!), a projector and spend a little time being familiar with the software. Some have done that.

I don't know all the tournaments, but at least a couple of Districts outside my own (D7) that I'm aware of. I don't ask people to let me know if they run the software, so it might be more.

> Even in District 7, there was no BridgeScore+ presence at the North Charleston Regional.

I was out the country for that one. Got to find a volunteer to run it. D7 is going through a change from having MABC run the events to splitting MABC into D6 and D7. Charleston was the last MABC run event. D7 are now looking at buying projectors so that they can run the software at tournaments. I'm on the D7 board. We also need to look at training TDs. Remember I'm giving this stuff away for free, so support is obviously an issue. If there are enough trained TDs that can self-support then that's an easier decision.

The TDs also need Internet access. The recent Marriott decision, see will have a major impact on this.

Once the TDs can get Internet access at a tournament site, at a reasonable price, then we will see a big increase in technology usage.

> Is BridgeScore+ in use at any ACBL-sanctioned clubs?


Support is the issue. My company is not set-up to provide first level support. That was always going to be ACBL's job.

ACBL's legal department couldn't write the license agreement for us to release to clubs during the ACBLscore+ contract (it's one of the many, many documented 3 month+ delays in the project).

> I'm sure I'm not the only interested person who regrets the current sorry state of affairs, and wishes there was more I could do to bring about a situation where cooperation between what now appear to be “rival software developers” led to more rapid improvements in the software and less cost to ACBL and ultimately its members.

Not really. I have no illusions about competing with an organization that gives software away for free and can spend $600K just to match what they already have. I believe that the decisions that ACBL has made, and are making, will cost the organization much more money in the long run. But the difference to me is likely miniscule. So what if I have to pay an extra $1 or $2 for an event at a tournament. Waiting 25-30 minutes for a KO to start, or waiting 37 minutes for the first round of an NABC Pairs Event is frustrating. It's also embarrassing when the rest of the world looks at how ACBL IT works.

Jay Whipple created his Fast Results/Common Game “for free”. Matthew Kidd has ACBLmerge. All “free” for use. I've put some stuff for free on the Internet to help with Bridge.

If you want to do, get involved in some of the Open Source initiatives. I posted one on writing a Swiss Team matching algorithm. Still looking for someone to complete that. Once we have that, I can run a Swiss from start to finish. Runs much quicker than ACBLscore, requires fewer TDs.
Jan. 18, 2015
Nicolas Hammond edited this comment Jan. 21, 2015
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Every time you see the phrase, “the contract was terminated”, (Merlin used it), this is management Kool-Aid.

Hammond Software terminated the contract in March 2014. We walked away with money on the table, but could not reasonably do work without the specs. ACBL came back in May 2014 wanting to change the termination date. We agreed. They then paid out the remaining money in the contract. The contract was now over, not terminated. At the same time, and I suspect before the original ACBL committee looked at ACBLscore, management told me that they were “terminating the contract”. Perhaps they paid the balance so they could then claim they terminated the contract. Don't know, don't care. What that meant was they were releasing me from the requirement in the contract to provide ACBL up to 10 hours of my time each month for the next 12 months. In other words, zero cost to them if they chose not to use it, but I had to provide up to 10 hours if they wanted it. I suspect that this was done in spite because ACBL wanted us to rewrite the original contract giving ACBL full rights to any software we developed for any industry that was based off ACBLscore+ underlying technology.After we said no, they paid the contract in full, then “terminated the contract”. Seemed to cut off their nose to spite their face because I had more knowledge of the ACBLscore+ code than anyone. I'd have suggested they would have kept the option open in case they had any questions about the software. Would have cost them nothing. But, I already knew by then, based on ACBL's outside counsel's opinion that ACBL management and league counsel had dug themselves a big hole with the legal aspects of the software.

Next time you see ACBL use the words, “terminated the contract”, you'll know what it really means.
Jan. 18, 2015
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I've got software that can read the various tournament financial files (FBALANCE.DAT, FINVITEM.DAT, FINVOICE.DAT, FOFS.DAT, FTINFO.DAT, FWKSHEET.DAT, TDINFO.DAT, TOURN.DAT, TOURNEV.DAT) and output them to XML or CSV so they can be read/parsed by other software.

It wouldn't be too much extra work to be able to create these files from XML (we've done it for Gamefile, structure in the *DAT files is much easier).

But this means each sponsor will have to get the original files from ACBL.

If there is interest, I can probably make it available as a web service on the Internet.
Jan. 18, 2015
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I know. I was there. It was done using Bridgepads. There was no interface with ACBLscore. At the end of each round, the TD had to manually enter the results from the
Bridgepads into ACBLscore.

Apologies for my wording - better wording would have been “fully integrate the Bridge Scoring Program (ACBLscore) with Electronic Scoring Devices (ESDs)”.

Most of the problems in Philly 2012 with the Bridgepads were TD related. A lot of the national TDs were not familiar with Bridgepads and how to setup/run a Swiss using them. This caused problems. For example running an A/X Swiss and a BCD Swiss at the same time but not configuring the software that these were separate events so teams started sitting at tables assigned to the other event. Simple configuration error caused by lack of training/experience with the software.

Currently ACBLscore has a 16 bit field with the IMP difference and a 16 bit field with the VP difference. I don't know if the ACBL plans are to replicate the data from the ESD into ACBLscore, or just to fill in those two fields. The first is a lot of work within ACBLscore, the latter much easier. Bridgescore+ has the former. See which is Bridgescore+ will all the data from the Bermuda Bowl down to the cards played.

As part of the ACBLscore+ work, we created a separate stand-alone program that ran on the Windows machine (most ESDs are Windows only) and the BSP would talk to this program, and this program interfaced with the ESD DB.It would be great if ACBL would put this piece of software into Open Source as it would allow extensions by other people. I know ACBL has an issue with Copyright, but for this piece of the code, I will be happy to waive my company's Copyright and put the code under the MIT license.

This would make it much easier to support ESDs with ACBLscore.

There is much more coming with Bridge hardware/software in the near future so having the vision to design this properly for the future is important. If we end up with all the code in ACBLscore written in Pascal, it's a wasted opportunity.
Jan. 18, 2015
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We all rely on TFRs because it is the only data we get. I haven't seen anyone that doesn't. The TDs are the ones that process the initial cash from the sale and everything is recorded into ACBLscore.

The “don't care” comment was made by someone from ACBL with several other ACBL employees in the meeting who did not speak out against what was said. The context was the amount of work the volunteers have to do to work around the current TFR system.
Jan. 17, 2015
Nicolas Hammond edited this comment Jan. 18, 2015
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Somewhere in my notes from the BoG meeting in Providence, I've got a list of the items that they plan on spending $600K on. It was in the hand-out from the meeting. If someone else has them and wants to post…

I know one of the five or six items is to make it easier to create an ACBLscore game file that contains multiple brackets. With the design of Bridgescore+, this type of stuff is fairly easy. I was on a couple of flights over the New Year, so wrote the code on the plane.


This is a video (6:40 long) that shows ACBLscore creating an 8 bracket KO game file. Each bracket must have similar information re-entered.

2 minutes to create first bracket. About 30 seconds for each subsequent bracket.

I went with bracket sizes of 16, 15, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9 to cover all the different cases.


This is Bridgescore+ doing the same thing. Less than a minute. Actually this is a version of Bridgescore+ where all the other code has been turned off to make it easy to use.


This is the game file from Bridgescore+ being opened in ACBLscore.


I think another of the items was to make it easier to create a bracketed Swiss game file. I've got working code for that too, I just need to clean up the UI.

The problem with ACBLscore is that all of the data has to be manually re-entered for each bracket, with the code shown above, you only need to enter the event name once, it is then copied to each bracket. Same with the event code (incremented by 1 each time).


A couple of the other $600K items were things that Bridgescore+ already does (projects for KOs etc).

I think one item was to put ACBLscore under code control; this is trivial. A few minutes at best once you pick the code control system.


About the only difficult one was to run a Swiss with Electronic Scoring Devices (ESDs) (Bridgemate/Bridgepad etc.). That's a little more challenging.
Jan. 17, 2015
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I have no idea what “confidential agreements” they are referring to. I certainly didn't sign any. Perhaps it's the board members that were on the committee that had to sign them! Perhaps Merlin can enlighten us all in his next report. Perhaps Merlin was told about non-existent “confidential agreements” by league counsel/ACBL management. Whatever the reason, I think we all need a better explanation on “confidential agreements”.

I have long stated that there have been various attempts to hide various issues with the ACBLscore+ contract/work.

What the board really needs to do is to appoint a Legal Oversight committee that would investigate the actions of Management and League Counsel and focus on the legal aspects of the ACBLscore+ contract, including the wording of “ownership” and “copyright” in the original contract, when review of the contract was done by outside counsel, when management stopped paying invoices, what ‘threats’ have been made by management/league counsel, and look at the emails between management and outside counsel towards the end of the ACBLscore+ contract regarding copyright and also the emails between ACBL management and Hammond Software regarding same. I don't know if anyone on the board has sufficient legal background; they would have to hire a different, independent, outside counsel. This would be a much quicker investigation than the Technical Committee.

Merlin was one of the board members that had full, unrestricted access to all the ACBLscore+ source code since the contract started, as well as full access to the project Wiki that had all the details on how to install/run the software. I'm surprised he waited until the contract was over before voicing his opinion.
Jan. 17, 2015
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I have a tool that can convert a game file into XML. It's been around for a couple of years. It can also take the XML and convert back to a game file.

The game file to XML part is accessible on-line, but through a password protected site. It is accessible via curl, so you can do the follow (*ix systems):

# Convert Game File to XML
curl –form "gfprint=@$1“ -O -J -u USER:PASS


where USER:PASS is replaced with the Username/Password for this site.

You can then create a simple script that can do comparisons:

# Compares two game files, outputs differences in XML between the files.
# Output is to stdout so recommended to redirect output of script to file.
# Usage:
# gfdiff gf1 gf2
# e.g.
# gfdiff JAN1.ACA JAN2.ACA > diffs

# Create XML file name for each argument

# Convert first file to XML
curl –form ”gfprint=@$1“ -u USER:PASS > $file_1_xml

# Convert second file to XML
curl –form ”gfprint=@$2" -u USER:PASS > $file_2_xml

# Compare two XML files. Output is to stdout, so may want to redirect
# output of script.
diff -b $file_1_xml $file_2_xml


Scripts are for *ix based system, but someone can easily write the *BAT versions. curl is not native on Windows, so need to download from

Using this last script, you can easily compare the binary data in two games files in a human readable format. This will be useful to see what changes when going from one ACBL version to another.

If anyone is interested in using this site to check for differences, let me know , and I'll provide you with a username and password for this site. Sorry: little/no support offered. You'll need to know a little about XML to understand the output.

I don't publicly provide the ability to go the other way (XML->Game File) at the moment, so please don't ask.

As you can imagine it's a very quick way to create lots of game files with minor configuration changes. Create a template XML file, run a script to make small changes, save output to a new XML file, convert from XML file to Game File. In combination with AutoHotKey it's a great way to automate testing of large numbers of game files in ACBLscore. Example: create game file, modify it so that it has Regional rating, Sectional rating, other ratings. Re-masterpoint using AutoHotKey. Use this same tool to convert from game file back to XML and then you can see the impact of changing the rating on the game file.

Yes… ACBL has all this code along with AutoHotKey example files. Don't know if they use it.

Code to do this was part of the ACBLscore+ contract, my company has a license to the code.

Jan. 15, 2015
Nicolas Hammond edited this comment Jan. 15, 2015
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Marketing is a lot easier than said, because everyone has their personal biases on what has worked for them and thinks it will work in all places. I had a little background in marketing once…

I'll throw out some general suggestion which are at the HQ level, not the local District or Unit level.

Boy Scouts

Create a Boy Scout Merit Badge for Bridge.

There are over 130 Merit Badges including Chess, Coin Collection, Computers (being dropped), Digital Technology, Game Design (Hearts is mentioned), Photography, Stamp Collecting, Geocaching.

In order to do this, someone needs to write the guidebook (approx 100 pages), probably similar to the Chess book.

Needs someone with Bridge background, also someone who understands the age group (teenage boys), and someone with Scouting background, some teaching experience to kids this age, some writing skills, and some interest in doing this, testing it, and seeing the project through. (No, I'm not volunteering to do it, but yes I have all of the above).

Will take some work to get it done to the right standards.

Then make a presentation to the Boy Scouts of America (BSA). Make the presentation so simple, along with all of the work sheets already prepared, book already written, sample course work done, teaching training manual done, so that the BSA would agree. Submitting something where BSA would have to do some work isn't likely to be successful. Chess is the program to emulate. Go buy the Chess BSA book and you will see what I mean.

In order for this to work, it is something that should come from HQ, but presented to BSA AFTER the hard work has been done.

Expect the process to take 3-5 years. BSA is similar to ACBL. Lots of history, moves slowly, bureaucratic. (Not criticisms, just the way of the world for all similar organizations).

Ideally have conducted some testing with some BSA scouts so that we have a measurable throughput (i.e. amount of hours needed for scout, amount of work for scout needed to complete badge, response from test scouts that have gone through a sample program to see how much they liked/didn't like, amount of training for coaches). Offer to provide the classes for free through Unit/District participation. A typical merit badge is 2 sets of 2-3 hours, normally a week or two weeks apart. That's enough time to teach them bridge and then be able to play at a club/simple tournament. Can staff with local volunteers. Run the training so that you take class on Thursday, then next Thursday, then 1 hour game at the local Sectional on Saturday morning. Expose the kids to competition. Must be free.

Yes, lot of effort. But a structured, disciplined approach to getting this done, and be aware it may take some time and needs to be done correctly and not rushed.

Minimize up-front costs. Find volunteers to do all the ground work if possible. I realize that writing a BSA book is a lot of work, may be hard to find a volunteer to do that.

If done properly, the training material would be useful for all youth bridge. Parts would need to be tailored for BSA. Even if BSA doesn't take the badge (we should keep trying for many years, it is rare for a badge to get accepted first time), then we have material for other programs.

Then do the same for the Girl Scouts program (teens age).

The BSA is more well know, so do it first. No offense to the GS. (I have a teenage daughter in GS so aware of the programs).

Exposing this as a BSA badge means that we are leveraging another organization to do marketing for us.

Boys and Girls Club

Then, go after the Boys and Girls Clubs. Completely different audience. Different material. Completely different expectations with this group. You need to know the B&G environment to understand what is different and how Bridge might work (it won't work in all B&G clubs, it may only work in a limited number).

This is spreading the game. Don't expect many kids to become full time players.

Again, unless you have been to, or taught, in B&G clubs, or understand the typical philosophy of these clubs, you can't just tell B&G what you want, you have to find out the culture of each one.

(Yes, I've done this for other ‘sports’ so am very aware of the differing expectations in B&G clubs). Also there is a different philosophy surrounding B&G clubs in different parts of the country, so what works in CA is probably different than NY and different here in GA, even within an area the B&G all have a different ‘culture’. Offer them a free program, using local Unit/District volunteers. All a possibility. All work. All effort. All involved ACBL HQ co-ordinating with local Districts/Units.

It's a different way of working.

Using the ACBL HQ to drive programs, staffed locally with Unit/District volunteers. Possibly with some paid local coordinators.


Travel in some parts of the world, and there are full page articles in the airline's magazines on bridge. Travel in the US, and you don't see any mention in any puzzle section of any airline (at least none I've seen).

Fix it.

Get them (free) material. Different article for each airline.

Sure, huge struggle to get into the first one, and keep it there.

Use well known names (do we have any?) Ghost write a “Bill Gates on Bridge”, or “Warren Buffett on Bridge”. Ask their permission, trail them at a NABC Pairs Game, or Swiss/BAM event. Present the hands in the articles. No, don't write what happened at the table, write what should/could have happened!! Get a professional bridge writer to clean up the presentation.

Again, needs some volunteer effort, someone got to trail, someone got to write it up. But we are talking hours of volunteer time, not weeks/months.


Fly on an airline, see all the games on the video screen.
Poker. Hearts. Solitaire.
No Bridge.

Fix it.

Work with the developers, get them a free program that they can then ‘license’/'sell' to the airlines.

ACBL's mandate should be to make bridge more visible, it does not necessarily need to make money.

Perhaps this should be more of a BBO effort. ACBL has no software that does bidding/play. BBO has the software that bids/plays. Work out some licensing deal with BBO. BBO has some work to do because their application will need some work to operate within a suite of applications that are offered on an airplane flight. My guess is one company provides the suite for that airline. Find those companies, work with them. Get them the application at no cost.

Spice it up.

Take the hands from a National Pairs event (ACBL owns the data), offer them as a competition on the application. i.e you play the same hands that were played at an NABC event and see if you could have won the event! You are playing with 3 robots. You will be scored against everyone else (ACBL has the data on the scores). Now you can compare how you did to everyone else. Throw in some double dummy analysis so that you can see what you should have done. Allow the occasional replay of a trick. Now you have some serious game-playing in a captive audience. Word-of-mouth, watching others play on a plane, just like some people play chess, or play backgammon. But we have something better - real world competition with real world people - can you do better than the winners of the Platinum Pairs? (Declaring against robots, possibly). Kids love competition. Some kids love card games. Kids love comparing how they did against peers. Heck, some adults are still kids.

NABC Events

Same concept, but instead of airlines, offer the data to the Bridge playing software companies. License the data to them! “We” (ACBL) ‘own’ the NABC Pairs Data. We have hand records, we have scores from the boards. Let other people “play' the same cards. See how well they did. Let the bridge playing software companies decide how much they charge, if they offer them with Robot play, or play with your regular partner against robots, or play same hands at your local club (for fun, too easy to cheat).

Learn To Play Bridge

Put it on an app. On the phone. For free.

Don't use the L2PB web app - that is not learning to play bridge, that is learning to play a game around learning to play bridge which becomes so confusing you don't know the difference between bridge and the game about learning to play bridge. Learning to Play Bridge (web app) is all about winning stars.

And… throw in the data from the NABC events, so that after you learn, you can compete.


For the bigger regionals, package the hand records, board results so that others can play the same deals.

Same concept as NABC games, but the more data that is available for the masses to compare themselves against the ”competitive/professional" players, the better.

ACBL should offer a tool to make this easy (technically this is really easy to do).

If ACBL don't then if there is some interest it would be really easy for some of us to write a tool to take the game files from an event, hand records, and put in a format that can be used by the bridge software.

Hey… Gatlinburg/Bridge Baron/other companies, let me know if there is some interest, we can probably broker a deal to get the hand records/scores in a format that can be easily transferred from a tournament to Bridge Playing Software. This stuff is all digital; it's trivial to convert from one format to another.


So… there's my suggestions. Instead of reading constant criticisms of what ACBL is doing, trying to come up with some ideas/suggestions on how the world of bridge can be improved by making effective use of ACBL resources, abilities, and local volunteers.

Hopefully these suggestions may be useful to someone…
Jan. 14, 2015
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I did say you mentioned his name - Adam - although you were referring originally to another one!

Adam was extremely articulate, but at the same time pointing out that he was an exception, but also pointing out that nearly everyone in the room was the exception!

I don't think you can ask kids in advance what they want, without them know what the event might be like. Got to start somewhere.

The original event appeared to be more set up for ‘us’ to find out what ‘they’ wanted. ‘They’ couldn't figure out why ‘we’ were asking - after all ‘they’ were there. ‘They’ just wanted to have fun. ‘We’ are supposed to have the answers, after all we were all kids once.

ACBL still does something similar. Big shout-out for Bill Gates who makes an effort to show up at these (kid-only) events. He knows that his presence is a big deal for the kids and makes a life-long impression on them (and their parents). He doesn't have to do it, and is very patient with all the photographs and questions. Who else can go back to school and say they met Bill Gates over the summer break?

Also, the younger professionals/well known players (say, those under 26) also have an impact on these events when they talk about the travel, the countries visited. Not all kids will have the opportunity to emulate what they have done, but sharing the stories, showing pictures has a positive impact. Instead of asking them the day before the event, someone should ask them a couple of weeks before so they can do a better ‘presentation’. Kids relate to those closer in age. Some are better than others at the presentation aspect. Perhaps get them to show up with USBF attire, etc.
Jan. 14, 2015
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Peg, I was at the same meeting. (I think I had some of my kids there so I had an interest).

There were more ACBL members/volunteers/staff than there were juniors. There would be 2-3 juniors at a table and 6-7 “old” people at the same table trying to find out why they young ones were they. “We” (the older crowd) out-numbered the junior crowd and so the junior crowd was less interested in attending similar events. They just want to hang out with the peer group which they can only usually at the YNABC or Midnights.

A Junior social, with none (or very few) of us “old people” would be much more fun for them.

There was one very articulate young gentleman (Peg - you mentioned his name) who eloquently described the various issues at the meeting. Getting kids through the door to start with is the biggest hurdle. This is a local issue. By the time they are playing at NABCs, we already have them “hooked”. Finding out why kids drop out, or lose interest, is more important than talking to those that stayed. So the research they were conducting was probably lost because each kid had an individual story, there was rarely a common thread that could be duplicated.

As with all these issues, metrics is very important. Otherwise everyone is guessing and what works in one area is very different than other areas. What I have seen is that it is the local initiative, effort and volunteers that make all the difference. So if you look at the successful programs there is nearly always a tireless, usually well-known, volunteer that has made it all possible. Finding those volunteers, and getting them enthused to start, and then maintain, and then recruit their replacement is the difficult part for ACBL whether it is the full time staff, or the volunteers at the District or Unit level.

Metrics are important. First step is to define what metrics we are looking for, then how we would use them, then collect them. All are difficult.
Jan. 14, 2015
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I will surmise that this motion was for a specific recent BoD member (you can do the research and the position).

The previous rule was 12 months. That has been dropped.

I know that for ACBLscore+ that there were some BoD members interested in volunteering but it was made quite clear to all (by ACBL) that any work would be as a volunteer, and unpaid. My company could not hire (i.e. pay) any BoD members, even if they were technical qualified and the best for the job. In the end, we did not use any BoD members for the work, though the code was available to some for input if volunteered.

The non-favoritism rule is fairly typical for non-profit boards (where the Board has a supervisory role of Management). There is an obvious conflict-of-interest in having Board members also be employees/contractors or potential employees/contractors.

The general rule appears to have been changed for a specific situation; this change can only benefit future board members. Although one could argue the benefits for this specific instance, the general principle of board members being unable to financially or personally benefit from any current or future situations without a 12 month waiting period is sound. I would expect, and hope, that the board would re-implement the existing policy in 12 months time, or at least re-word it so that the intent is 12 months, but that the board can vote to overrule on a specific instance basis, similar to the Section 8 wording for current board members. The latter wording would have been much better this time around.

At the same time that the Board voted to water down working for ACBL after being on the Board, the Board also voted on changes to Section 8 (see minutes) which restricted what Board Members could do while they were on the board. This is all reasonable stuff. This passed unanimously. 8.1 (2) and 8.3 wording is strange - it seemed to be specifically worded for Jay Whipple and Fast Results/Common Game (his name is well known for those two activities so I will mention it), there's also some other board members that do work with results (less well know so I won't mention names) who may be affected - they probably didn't realize that they could be affected. This may cause problems down the road. 8.3 is broad enough that ACBL could shut down Jay's Fast Results (as ACBL offers same), and Common Game (if ACBL offers same) and also affect those board members that offers better results (as ACBL also offers results). Let's hope that management/board applies common sense and doesn't apply this to existing programs; we can only surmise what may happen to future programs that are offered by board members. There are other programs that have been developed by board members that are limited in scope (i.e. unknown to most of you) that are also potentially affected. Again, let's hope common sense prevails.

5.8.6 and 8.1.3 does not work because ACBL does not (at least did not, I recommend changes some time ago) identify what is, and is not, confidential on documents/discussion. Without an explicit information classification system (it can be very basic), a BoD member may not know what is confidential and what is not. This caused huge problems with the ACBLscore+ project with at least two BoD members mishandling information that should be confidential to great detriment and cost to the project.
Jan. 14, 2015

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